reading ladders

Banned! Why?

Why are books banned or challenged? It is important for each of us to know this. Fortunately, there are resources to let us know why challenges have occurred. I know that sometimes, when I read about the reason for a challenge, I want to say, "Really?" Not that there are good reasons for challenging a book, but occasionally the reasons are so incredibly, narrowly, almost insignificant that I wonder how the challenge even got beyond the original complaint.

Here is an infographic citing the reasons for banning and challenges:



Often challenges are made for "language" and for sexual content. But note the "not suited for the age group" column. Frequently, the challenge has more to do with "this is something kids can't deal with."

More charts are available here: http://www.ala.org/advocacy/bbooks/frequentlychallengedbooks/statistics

You can see who is responsible for most of the challenges (parents) and which institutions are the hardest hit by challenges (school libraries).

The best defense is a strong offense. Know the facts.
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Banning and Challenging

During Banned Books Week, it is important to know as much as we can about banned and challenged books. One of the thins I try to do is not only to read the books being banned and challenged each year (it always seems there are at least a couple of new ones), I also order some titles and then give them away.

Where to begin? Here are the Top Ten Challenged Books from 2000-2009:

1. Harry Potter (series), by J.K. Rowling
2. Alice series, by Phyllis Reynolds Naylor
3. The Chocolate War, by Robert Cormier
4. And Tango Makes Three, by Justin Richardson/Peter Parnell
5. Of Mice and Men, by John Steinbeck
6. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, by Maya Angelou
7. Scary Stories (series), by Alvin Schwartz
8. His Dark Materials (series), by Philip Pullman
9. ttyl; ttfn; l8r g8r (series), by Lauren Myracle
10. The Perks of Being a Wallflower, by Stephen Chbosky

If there is a book here you do not know, read it. Check to see which, if any, are missing from your school library. Make a donation of that title. (Note: some of the books are fine for elementary readers; others are more YA, and some are adult. Not all titles might be in ONE library. Practice collection development policies here). BTW, the preceding list is taken from the list of 100 Most Challenged Books from the last decade. The full list is here: http://www.ala.org/advocacy/bbooks/top-100-bannedchallenged-books-2000-2009. And here is the list of challenged books from last year: http://www.ala.org/advocacy/bbooks/frequentlychallengedbooks/top10#2016.



When a book is challenged, the first thing we need to do is READ. THE. BOOK. All too often, those who would challenge a book have not read the entire book. They see a sentence or two or someone tells them something about the book and, BAM, challenges occur. Arm yourself in advance. Know the books.
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Banning books

Today marks the beginning of Banned Books Week. Each and every year I can recall, there has been some sort of incredible book challenge just as we begin celebrating the right to red. This year is no exception. The novel 1984 is being challenged in Idaho. Here is a link to the story: https://www.idahoednews.org/news/jefferson-county-administrators-consider-banning-classic-novel/. what is most heartening here are the responses from the students themselves. They are fighting back against a ban while some of the adults are wanting to "protect" them from the ideas and themes of the book. And so it goes...



Anyone who reads my blog knows where I stand on the right to read. They know I eschew censorship in any form. They know I speak out against attempts to curtail access to books and reading. I am not alone, thankfully. There are organizations who fight against book banning. The American Library Association offers a ton of resources for those who wish to engage in the battle. The Office of Intellectual Freedom (http://www.ala.org/aboutala/offices/oif) and the Banned Books site (http://www.ala.org/advocacy/bbooks/banned) are just two resources. Other resources are located here http://bannedbooksweek.org and here http://ncac.org and here http://www.ftrf.org.

It is imperative that we stand up and speak out when we encounter censorship in any form. There are plenty of opportunities, sadly.
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Brick in the wall, librarian edition

"We don't need no education
We don't need no thought control
No dark sarcasm in the classroom
Teachers leave them kids alone
Hey! Teachers! Leave them kids alone
All in all it's just another brick in the wall
All in all you're just another brick in the wall."

Pink Floyd needs to pen a variation on these lyrics that includes librarians. Lately, I have seen far too many posts on Facebook in which librarians who want to exert some control over what kids read. Thought control, book control, level and Lexile control--they are all bricks in the wall, the wall that separates readers from books.

One of the posts was from a librarian who sent en email to teachers asking them to make their students stop checking out the same books (i.e., Diary of a Wimpy Kid) and move on to books that she deemed more suitable for them to read. Really? In a time when we are concerned that more and more kids are turning away from books and to their screens, we decide that pushing them out of their favorite books (and sometimes their comfort zone) is a good technique? The role of the librarian is not to chastise teachers or to reject books kids are actually reading. The role of the librarian is to support and encourage lifelong reading. And sometimes that means letting kids read Diary of a Wimpy Kid AGAIN and AGAIN. No one ever told me I would not read my beloved Nancy Drew and Cherry Ames series books. I never told Nurse Girl to give up on her rereading of Harry Potter (something she still does annually even at age 24). Nor did I snatch the Howliday Inn series books from my middle school kids who loved each new book in the series.

And then there are the other posts. You know the ones, right? They are the, "can I have this book in my library?" posts. This is a bit more difficult. There is a difference, albeit often a tiny one, between selection and censorship. Sometimes we ask about age appropriateness. Other times we are seeking a reason not to include something that might be controversial. It boils down to language, violence, sex, religion, and a few other factors. Here are the Top Ten Challenged Books from 2016:

Top Ten for 2016

Out of 323 challenges recorded by the Office for Intellectual Freedom

1. This One Summer written by Mariko Tamaki and illustrated by Jillian Tamaki
Reasons: challenged because it includes LGBT characters, drug use and profanity, and it was considered sexually explicit with mature themes
2. Drama written and illustrated by Raina Telgemeier
Reasons: challenged because it includes LGBT characters, was deemed sexually explicit, and was considered to have an offensive political viewpoint
3. George written by Alex Gino
Reasons: challenged because it includes a transgender child, and the “sexuality was not appropriate at elementary levels”
4. I Am Jazz written by Jessica Herthel and Jazz Jennings, and illustrated by Shelagh McNicholas
Reasons: challenged because it portrays a transgender child and because of language, sex education, and offensive viewpoints
5. Two Boys Kissing written by David Levithan
Reasons: challenged because its cover has an image of two boys kissing, and it was considered to include sexually explicit LGBT content
6. Looking for Alaska written by John Green
Reasons: challenged for a sexually explicit scene that may lead a student to “sexual experimentation”
7. Big Hard Sex Criminals written by Matt Fraction and illustrated by Chip Zdarsky
Reason: challenged because it was considered sexually explicit
8. Make Something Up: Stories You Can’t Unread written by Chuck Palahniuk
Reasons: challenged for profanity, sexual explicitness, and being “disgusting and all around offensive”
9. Little Bill (series) written by Bill Cosby and and illustrated by Varnette P. Honeywood
Reason: challenged because of criminal sexual allegations against the author
10. Eleanor & Park written by Rainbow Rowell
Reason: challenged for offensive language

And this web site offers much more information as we approach Banned Books Week next week: http://www.ala.org/advocacy/bbooks/banned.

Let's work hard to be not a brick mason but a person who help lay the foundation for future lifelong readers.
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Just a little bit, please?

I am (or was) a diabetic. I now control my numbers through diet. I avoid sweets though I watch jealously as someone enjoys ice cream or cake or both. I try to allow myself the occasional indulgence. But I have to take care that it is indeed occasional. It is so easy to slide back into snacking on M&Ms (they are so little, how much sugar could they have?), wondering into Marble Slab (I'll just have some sugar free yogurt, okay?). It is a slippery slope.

So, what does that have to do with books and reading you might well ask? It all started with this online article from SLJ (School Library Journal): http://www.slj.com/2017/08/feature-articles/thinking-outside-the-bin-why-labeling-books-by-reading-level-disempowers-young-readers/#_. It has to do with leveling books and then affixing labels to them. It has happened in libraries far and wide including classroom and school libraries. The American Library Association has position statement on this: http://www.ala.org/aasl/advocacy/resources/statements/labeling.

The statement from ALA is forceful: "A minor’s right to access resources freely and without restriction has long been and continues to be the position of the American Library Association and the American Association of School Librarians. Labeling and shelving a book with an assigned grade level on its spine allows other students to observe the reading level of peers, thus threatening the confidentiality of students’ reading levels." (Note: there is something in this statement that addresses the practice of genrefying the library, too. Dealing with this in a later post). Labeling books with reading levels whether using Fountas & Pinnell or Lexiles, or AR is wrong on several counts.

And this is what SLJ takes on in "Thinking outside the bin." The concept of the "just right" book is something we have debated for a while now. I cannot help but think of Goldilocks: this book is too boring; this book is too long; this book is just right. Of course, this is a fairy tale. And so is the idea that a level or lexile or letter can accurately "measure" a book and its suitability for a reader. Pernille Ripp and Donalyn Miller are both quoted in this piece. Hurray, for these two voices. Rip observes that labels have become "labels that restrict our readers and tell them that their reading identity needs to be based on an outside influence." Miller asserts that labeling is “educational malpractice.”

But the comments that follow the article indicate that some folks are loathe to move away from levels and labels. And that brings me back to the sugar again. It is okay to "cheat" a few times, but it is a slippery slope. And so it is with labels and levels and lexiles (which autocorrect still changes to "exiles"). If an educator is looking for some indication of the audience for a book, he or she can consult the labels and even the publisher age range. However, this is no way to match a reader to a book. I spent several hundred pages in MAKING THE MATCH: THE RIGHT BOOK FOR THE RIGHT READER AT THE RIGHT TIME talking about the need to know the kids and the books before making a match. Levels and lexiles and labels do not take into account some of the developmental aspects of readers. Instead, they use some sort of yardstick for measurement. And they ignore elements such as student desire to read a certain book. I had a striving reader carry aroungd Stephen King's IT for the better part of a school year. He ws determined to read it. And he did, slowly, but steadily. Was it at his level? Nope. Was it the book I might have selected for him? Nope again. But it was the book he read.

We need to keep our eyes fixed on the student, the living, breathing student. Otherwise, we are descending that slippery slope and leaving readers behind.
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Really?

A recent article in the New Yourk Post has caused some buzz among the YA literature community. Here is the link to the relatively short piece that is critical of the movement to ensure YA lit is more inclusive and diverse: http://nypost.com/2017/09/05/pc-wars-rule-young-adult-publishing-as-fewer-kids-learn-to-love-to-read/. It is simple to see the bias here. Just take in the title of the article: PC Wars Rule Young Adult Publishing as Fewer Kids Learn to Love to Read. There is an oblique reference to the fact that high school kids by and large do not read for pleasure: "In 2015, one in three high-school seniors admitted not having read a single book for pleasure in the past year, three times as many as 30 years before." I would love to have the citation for this survey. I do know Stacy Creel conducted a meta analysis of the effect of assigned reading on reading for pleasure: http://www.yalsa.ala.org/jrlya/2015/02/the-impact-of-assigned-reading-on-reading-pleasure-in-young-adults/. I highly recommend this article as it is a bit more scholarly and rooted in actual research.


But let's push the reference to a study never cited fully. The author of the NY Post article seems to question the need for diversity in books we share with our students. Instead of engaging in a more detailed examination of diversity and all of the scholarship surrounding it, the author goes for the low blows. The final paragraph of the article: "The idea that adolescents need to be “protected” from authors who don’t exactly mirror their own identity-group experience is a recipe for creating snowflake college students who’ll never want to touch a book that hasn’t been pre-approved by a committee. At this rate, the publishing world will purge itself out of existence."

The opposite is, fortunately, true. More and more readers are encountering diversity in books. Not only is this important for readers who have never seen themselves in a book or, worse, seen stereotypes of themselves in books, diversity ensures ALL readers see the diversity of the world in which they live. The use of the derogatory "snowflake" terminology seems to suggest that if we make readers more aware of the diversity and the stereotypes, we are somehow protecting them from reality when instead we are showing them the TRUTH. When someone suggests that diversity is somehow harmful, I wonder how often they have seen themselves in books, movies, and on TV.

Before DEAR MR. HENSHAW, I had never encountered a child of divorce in books. I was 32 when I read a book that finally reflected some of my childhood experience. My childish thoughts and feelings were finally "verified" through Leigh and his thoughts and feelings. To suggest that reading books about myself and my experiences makes me a snowflake is more than insulting. And to suggest that the diverse books are best written by someone within the culture/community is short-sighted. It is imperative for me to be sure I share diverse books as widely as possible. Not to create snowflakes but to create citizens of the real world.
reading ladders

So what have I been reading?

AUGUST 2017 BOOKS READ

369. FLORA AND THE OSTRICH
370. MIGHTY TRUCK MUDDYMANIA!
371. SOLO
372. THE LOSERS CLUB
373. UNCANNY
374. WHAT MAKES A MINSTER?
375. ISADORA MOON GOES CAMPING
376. CAT NAP
377. LITTLE POOKIE
378. CONSTRUCTION CREW
379. WHAT IS BABY GORILLA DOING?
380. LITTLE RED RIDING SHEEP
381. THIS BEAUTIFUL DAY
382. THE ONLY FISH IN THE SEA
383. HERE COMES TEACHER CAT
384. DROUGHTS
385. HOORAY FOR BOOKS
386. WET
387. THE MERMAID
388. WHEN’S MY BIRTHDAY
389. LINES
390. THE BIG BAD FOX
391. FOREST WORLD
392. EPIC FAIL OF ARTURO ZAMORA
393. PIGS MIGHT FLY
394. THROUGH FIELDS TO AN EDUCATION
395. CREEPY PAIR OF UNDERWEAR
396. CLAYMATES
397. SAY ZOOP
398. THREE BILLY GOATS GRUFF
399. BE A KING
400. OUR STORY BEGINS
401. NINJA CLAUS
402. LITTLE ELLIOTT BIG COUNTRY
403. ARE WE PEARS YET?
404. SOMEWHERE ELSE
405. REX vs. EDNA
406. THUNDER HORSE
407. THE 12 SLEIGHS OF CHRISTMAS
408. FALLING WATER
409. TUMBLE AND BLUE



Wow, what a great reading month. You can hear book talks on my Anchor station: https://anchor.fm/lssa
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A confluence of events

Hurricane Harvey gave many of us an extended "vacation" from teaching this past week. Of course, in the online teaching biz, there is no downtime as long as there is wifi and electricity, so I had grading to do. It helped me fill the time. Between the lake rising up my street, the news of family and friends being evacuated, and the 24/7 coverage on TV showing devastation, there have been moments of feeling helpless. When those arose, I make it a point to donate $$$ to various organizations. Thanks to Kylene Beers, I donated to the Diaper Bank (http://nationaldiaperbanknetwork.org/?gclid=Cj0KCQjwoZTNBRCWARIsAOMZHmFJsHQ06B9i14WBQLkqTE92jWnsTQwg2mo2o0Y8Jd3KNAQN9lZACqUaAhfjEALw_wcB). I texted Harvey to 90999 to donate to the Red Cross. And don't tell anyone, but there will be some swag from the Texas Library Association given as gifts (https://secure.txla.org/secure/cart/crtStore.asp?storekey=2) since I donated to Texas Libraries Disaster Relief.

Friends on Facebook and Twitter provided other links for donations, too. And Kate Messner spearheaded the Kidlit Cares effort that has items for auction with proceeds going to disaster relief (http://www.katemessner.com/blog/). I hope all of you who can will donate to the organizations which will help folks hurt by Harvey.

This unexpected time of cancelled appointments and meetings meant, of course, time to read. It also resulted in time to weed. The result is (so far) 4 boxes of books, ARCs, and F&Gs. Once the flood waters recede, I know some local librarians will be happy to help me float on these books. But for now, $$$ donations will go further. My friend and colleague, Rose Brock put it more bluntly when she shared a piece from CBS news asking people to donate funds instead of "stuff."

One other thing to note here: the incredible outpouring of love from friends. I cannot tell you how many folks emailed, messaged, posted messages during this all. I had offers of places to go (and to bring BH and Scout with me no less) from so many friends and even from folks I know only through social media. I appreciate the people checking up and checking in. I am trying to do the same with my students, asking them to check in as they can and sending emails to the few folks who have not checked in online yet. I know some of them are wrestling with Harvey.

My pal Claudia Swisher reminds us every Friday: "Take care of yourself Take care of each other Buckle up Hug a dad or a mother Tell someone you love them Be kind to a stranger." Let's make every day a Friday?
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The reports of its death are greatly exaggerated

Two recent articles about reading in the popular media seems to contradict one another. One reports on the death of reading: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/acts-of-faith/wp/2017/07/21/the-death-of-reading-is-threatening-the-soul/?utm_term=.b41cad8baa53. This one, in particular, decries the fact that we spend so much time on social media when we could be reading. Whiplash! I AM reading when I am on social media. However, I do understand the central argument: if we read in these small increments (tweets, posts, etc), our brain soon becomes wired for shorter bursts of reading. “Here’s the simple truth behind reading a lot of books,” says Quartz: “It’s not that hard. We have all the time we need. The scary part—the part we all ignore—is that we are too addicted, too weak, and too distracted to do what we all know is important.” I am not sure about the addicted, weak, distracted part. I think some of it has to do with TIME. And that is where the second article comes in.

How to read 200 books in a year, https://qz.com/895101/in-the-time-you-spend-on-social-media-each-year-you-could-read-200-books/, talks about something we, as educators, know: it is possible to find time (even in short increments) to read more. Karin Perry and Donalyn Miller and I talk about this often in our presentations. This piece has some great suggestions for us all.

1. Set the goal and think it is possible. I am not worried about 200 books. I tend to think more about setting the time aside to read and then actually following through.
2. Do the math. I use a slightly different set of stats. 15 minutes a day means 1.5 million words a year which nets out at about 20 books a year.
3. Find the time. I ask folks in PD to set calendar time each day for 30 days with alerts that will remind them to stop, drop, and read.

Popular media, though, has largely overlooked other factors such as choice and access and response. But looking at time and habits is a good place to begin.